Only Philippine Nationals can own land in the Philippines.


1.Filipino citizens.

2.Corporation organized under Philippine laws, 60% of the capital stock  outstanding and entitled to vote is owned and held by Philippine citizens.

3.Corporation organized abroad and registered as doing business in the Philippines under the Corporation Code, 100% of the capital stock  outstanding and entitled to vote is wholly owned by  Philippine citizens.

4.Domestic Partnership wholly owned by Philippine citizens.

WHO ARE CONSIDERED FILIPINO CITIZENS: (Art. IV., Sec. 1 – 1987 Constitution)

Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of the 1987 Constitution.

Those whose fathers or mothers are the citizens.

Those born before January 17, 1973 , of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and

Those who are naturalized in accordance with Law.

Those born in the Philippines of foreign parents who before the adoption of said constitution had been elected to public office in the Philippines.


Aliens may own lands in the Philippines only under the following circumstances:

1)Former Natural born Filipino citizens.

* Limitations to ownership as provided by B.P. Blg. 185

a) The land shall be used by him/her as residence; and

b) The area shall not exceed 1000 square meters if an urban land or 1 hectare if a rural land.

c) If the former natural born Filipino citizens already owns urban or rural land for residential purpose , he / she may still be entitled to be a transferee of additional urban or rural lands, provided that the total land area owned by him/her will not exceed the allowed maximum limit.

d) In case of married couples, one of them may avail of the privilege herein granted provided, that if both shall avail of the same, the total area acquired shall not exceed the maximum area fixed herein;

e) He/she cannot acquire more than 2 lots;

f) If he/she acquires 2 lots, the same must be situated in different municipalities or cities;

g) If he/she already acquired urban land, he/she shall be disqualified from acquiring rural land and vice versa.
* Limitations to Ownership as provided by R.A. No. 8179:
Land acquired under Act shall be primarily, directly and actually used by the transferee  in the performance or conduct of his business or commercial activities in the broad area of  agriculture, industry, and services, including the Lease of land, but excluding the buying and selling thereof. (Section 5, Rule XII , IRR of RA 7042, as amended by 8179)  The area shall not exceed 5,000 square meters if an urban land or 3 hectares if a rural land.

In case he/she already owns urban or rural lands for business or other purposes, he/she shall still be entitled to be a transferee of additional urban or rural land for business or other purposes which when added to those already owned by him shall not exceed the maximum areas allowed.

He / she cannot acquire more than 2 lots.

In case of married couples, one of them may avail of the privilege herein granted provided, that if both shall avail of the same, the total area acquired shall not exceed the maximum area fixed herein.

A transferee who has already acquired urban land shall be disqualified from acquiring rural lands and vice versa. However, if the transferee has disposed of his urban land, he may still acquire rural land and vice versa, provided that this will be used for business or other purposes.

2) If the foreigner acquired the same through succession as of the legal heirs of the  deceased.

3) Dual Citizenship under the Dual Citizenship Law (RA 9225 effective on September 17, 2003.)

Filipinos who had lost their Philippine citizenship by acquisition of citizenship of another country may reacquire their citizenship under this law without renouncing their foreign citizenship. This reacquisition of Filipino citizenship shall grant full civil and political rights to the Filipino dual citizen, including the right to own private lands and properties in the Philippines, without limitation other than those normally imposed on Filipino citizens.

d) Foreigners can acquire condominiums but up to a certain extent only;

e) Lands acquired by Americans prior to July 4, 1946 (vested rights).

f) Lands acquired by Americans before July 3, 1974 provided the following requisites are present:

f.1.They are formerly Filipino citizens OR who on May 27, 1976 had continously resided in the Philippines for at least 20 years OR who have become permanent residents of the Philippines;AND

f.2.Had acquired private residential lands not exceeding 5,000 square meters for a family dwelling. (P.D. No. 173)


Natural born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform an act to acquire or perfect their citizenship. Those who elect Philippine citizenship shall be deemed natural born-citizens. (Sec. 2, 1987 Constitution)


A resident retiree or holder of the SRRV can invest in real estate properties in the Philippines as one his privileges or benefits, namely:
1.Purchase, acquisition and ownership of a condominium unit;
2.Long-Term Lease of house and lot, condominium or townhouse, which should not be for a period shorter than (20) years;
3.Purchase, acquisition and ownership of golf or country club share/s;

For more information please visit http://www.pra.gov.ph